Adopted by a majority of 116 deputies, this new law aims to transform in depth the movements of the French.
It is expensive and polluting. And yet, seven out of 10 French take the car to work. The Mobility Orientation Law aims to develop new alternatives.
A law to transform transport in everyday life
Tuesday, November 19, the National Assembly has definitively adopted a new text. Result of two years of work, the law of orientation of the mobilities (LOM) wants to reorganize the means of moving, in particular on a daily basis.
Several findings are at the origin of this law: isolated territories of the big metropolis for lack of transport axes, individual car as principal means of transport to go to work, rail investments more turned towards the TGV lines rather than the mobility of the daily…
To address these problems, 13.4 billion euros will be invested until 2022, primarily for the maintenance and development of daily transport. Second part: put in place new transport solutions (carpooling, autonomous shuttles, transport on demand …) in all territories and for everyone. Finally, the law focuses on the development of greener modes of transport.
" The law of orientation of the mobilities brings a strong answer to the social fractures and to the sense of injustice that live many French people who do not have satisfactory solution of daily mobility, as well as to the environmental emergency ", Rejoice the ministers Élisabeth Borne and Jean-Baptiste Djebbari, in charge of this law.
Easier, cheaper, less polluting: with the LOM, the Government hopes to solve the inequalities related to transport … And respond to the environmental emergency.
LOM: what will change concretely?
In terms of infrastructure, the budget of the law will mainly increase the number of daily trains, maintain transport networks, develop RER lines or install bike paths. In the future, more lanes reserved for buses or electric cars on the roads should be crossed.
Another major change is the creation of the sustainable mobility package in companies. If they use carpooling or cycling to come to work, employees can be compensated up to 400 euros per year. In parallel, the Government proposes to multiply by five the number of recharging points for electric cars in the territory, to encourage the adoption of zero emission vehicles.
From now on, the municipalities will be able to create zones with low emission (ZFE). In the latter, only clean vehicles will be able to circulate freely. Traffic restrictions, they will become systematic in case of heavy pollution.
Finally, 16 cities will host autonomous shuttles on their roads for a test phase, before extending them to the entire territory.
Sources: Le Figaro, Ministry of Ecological and Solidarity Transition